Saturday, February 29, 2020
Anne SextonÃ¢â¬â¢s Twisted Version of Sleeping Beauty Sleeping BeautyÃ¢â¬â¢s Sexual Scars in Anne SextonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Briar RoseÃ¢â¬ Parents often use fairytales as bedtime stories for their children. Anne Sexton takes these often light-hearted and whimsical tales and spins them into a creation of her own. According to Diana Hume George in Ã¢â¬Å"An Overview of SextonÃ¢â¬â¢s Canon,Ã¢â¬ Sexton, Ã¢â¬Å"updated their contexts and language to point out their applications to and parallels with modern life, and she exposed the dark psychic core of each tale in ways that inverted or even reversed their normative meanings.Ã¢â¬ The poem Ã¢â¬Å"Briar Rose (Sleeping Beauty),Ã¢â¬ begins with a girl in a hypnotic state, sitting on her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s lap. The stanza is ominous and uncomfortable to read, setting the tone for the rest of the poem. In the following stanzas, the traditional fairytale plays out but as it continues, Briar RoseÃ¢â¬â¢s happy ending is nowhere to be seen. Sexton focuses on pivotal events in the story and twists them in a way that recreates the original fairytale and exposes its darker unde rtones that are otherwise overlooked in the original story. Sexton begins the first stanza in third person and describes a girl in a hypnotic trance in order to establish the unsettling tone for the rest of the poem. The speaker states that, Ã¢â¬Å"She is stuck in the time machine, / suddenly two years old sucking her thumbÃ¢â¬ (l. 7-8). The girl regresses to a younger age, making her more childlike and vulnerable. The speaker goes on to state that the girl struggles to find her mother but instead, her father is the one to hold her. Whilst on his lap, he tells her, Ã¢â¬Å"Come be my snooky / and I will give you a rootÃ¢â¬ (l. 21-22). Snooky is slang for ones romantic partner and a root is phallic in shape. For the father to tell his daughter this immediately signals the incestual undertones that will be present later on. Over the course of the poem, Briar RoseÃ¢â¬â¢s life is marked by unfortunate events. The first one occurs when she is only a baby. Her father held a christening for her but he only owned twelve gold plates and therefore only invited twelve fairies. The thirteenth fairy, feeling spurned, prophesizes that Ã¢â¬Å"The princess shall prick herself on a spinning wheel in her fifteenth year and then fall down dead. Kaputt!Ã¢â¬ (l. 37-40). The use of a silly phrase such as Ã¢â¬Å"Kaputt!Ã¢â¬ contrasts greatly to the grave tone of the situation. It highlights the intended lethalness of the curse, which is otherwise glossed over in the watered-down, bedtime version of the fairytale. In response to the curse, the king becomes overbearing in his need to protect his daughter. He orders every spindle in the kingdom to be destroyed. This makes sense in regards to the prophecy but the kingÃ¢â¬â¢s orders eventually become more extreme. The speaker states that, Ã¢â¬Å"He forced every male in the court / to scour his tongue with Bab-o / lest they poison the air she dwelt inÃ¢â¬ (l. 60-62) By having the men clean themselves with a modern-day product containing bleach, it is as if the king wants the men to purify themselves so that they will not corrupt his daughter. The curse said nothing of specifically men doing harm to Briar Rose though, so the kingÃ¢â¬â¢s need to protect her becomes obsession-like. The kingÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession over his own daughterÃ¢â¬â¢s purity is the beginning of the incestual undertones that subverts the original taleÃ¢â¬â¢s message of sefless love. Try as he might, the kingÃ¢â¬â¢s precautions to keep Briar Rose safe from both men and the curse are thwarted, resulting in the second pivotal moment within the story. Inevitably, Briar rose pricks her finger on a spinning wheel, sending both her and the inhabitants of the kingdom into a deep slumber. The speaker describes the sleeping inhabitants in terms of modern-day parallels, such as comparing the frogs to zombies and the trees to metal. By doing so, the slumbering kingdomÃ¢â¬â¢s fate becomes more sinister, as if the inhabitants are petrified instead of simply sleeping. Over the years, many princes try to break the curse but they, Ã¢â¬Å"had not scoured their tongues / so they were held by the thorns / and thus were crucifiedÃ¢â¬ (l. 86-88). The princes dying show the kingÃ¢â¬â¢s control over Briar Rose, even while she sleeps. Ultimately, they cannot rescue her because they had not scoured their tongues as the men of the court had done and thus were deemed unfit in the fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes. A hundred years pass and a prince finally breaks the curse, although everything is not what it seems. In the third pivotal event, when the prince kisses Briar Rose awake, she cries, Ã¢â¬Å"Daddy! Daddy!Ã¢â¬ (l. 96). After being awakened after such a frightful occurrence, it would only make sense for a girl to cry out for her father, but Briar Rose was specifically awakened by a kiss. This implicates that the father has kissed Briar Rose as well, giving the reader a glimpse of the sexual abuse she suffered as a child. At this point, the original fairytale ends with Briar Rose living happily ever after with her prince. In SextonÃ¢â¬â¢s version of the story, Briar Rose awakening marks the beginning of her downward spiral. Although Briar Rose marries the prince, she becomes an insomniac, still haunted by the memories of her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s sexual abuse. She becomes dependent on drugs and cannot sleep, Ã¢â¬Å"without the court chemist / mixing her some knock-out drops / and never in the princeÃ¢â¬â¢s presenceÃ¢â¬ (l. 106-108). Briar Rose becomes more and more disturbed by the memories her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s sexual abuse but refuses to let her spouse know. Briar RoseÃ¢â¬â¢s sexual abuse at the hands of her father results in the overall deterioration of both her mental and physical health. Briar RoseÃ¢â¬â¢s health steadily worsens until she descends into a state of delirium. The speaker switches from that of third person to first and says, Ã¢â¬Å"I must not sleep / for while asleep IÃ¢â¬â¢m ninety / and think IÃ¢â¬â¢m dyingÃ¢â¬ (l. 120-122). Briar Rose goes back and forth between different points of her life, from when she was a small child at the hands of her father to when she was in the hundred-year slumber. Because of this, Briar Rose becomes even more dependent on drugs, similarly to how real-life victims of sexual abuse can fall victim to drug usage in order to cope with their past. In the following stanza, it becomes evident that the girl in the beginning of the poem is the modern-day parallel to SextonÃ¢â¬â¢s recreated version of Sleeping Beauty. In the first stanza, the little girl is just Ã¢â¬Å"learning to talk againÃ¢â¬ (l. 10). She lost her will to talk after being sexually abused but slowly starts to come forth with what happened, just as Briar Rose begins to do. The speaker says, Ã¢â¬Å"I was forced backward. / I was forced forwardÃ¢â¬ (l. 145-146). The movements mimic the sexual positions that her father forced her into when she was younger. Although older and now married, Briar Rose still feels like a prisoner to her father. This directly subverts the wholesome image of the king in the original tale. In Anne SextonÃ¢â¬â¢s version of Sleeping BeautyÃ¢â¬â¢s, the king is the true villain of the story because of what he did to his daughter. By raping her as a child, he ensures a lifetime of unhappiness to follow. In the traditional fairytale, a prince eventually thwarts the thirteenth fairyÃ¢â¬â¢s curse and awakens the princess with true loveÃ¢â¬â¢s kiss. It embodies a wholesome message of good conquering evil. Sexton twisted the fairytale and utilized specific themes within it Ã¢â¬â such as a fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s love Ã¢â¬â in order to give voice to victims of incest and sexual abuse. In reality, many victims do not lead a happy life because of the memories of abuse that stay with them, long after it ends. By doing the same to Briar Rose, Sexton shows that not everyone can live a happily ever after.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Tourism and France - Research Paper Example The international tourists provide importance to rich natural vegetation, cultural and historical heritage of a tourist destination. Within this context, France is one of the best examples for the rapid growth and development of tourism as a profitable business. Thesis statement: The economic, cultural and social impacts of tourism in the French society prove that tourism is a business, which is interconnected with the process of development. The glory of France as an international tourist destination is interconnected with Charles VIII, because he conquered Mont Aiguille in France (say, in the year 1492). This incident is important in the history of tourism in France because the same deeply influenced the development of mountaineering as an adventure sport. Hudman and Jackson stated that, Ã¢â¬Å"France has a long history of tourism and well-established reputation of being the playground of EuropeÃ¢â¬ (p.200). In the field of beach tourism in France, the inauguration of seaside resort in Dieppe in the year 1822 is another development. Within the context of infrastructure development, especially the development of railroad network in 1850-1850 is another initiative, which accelerated tourism. One can see that resorts and casinos play an important role in the development of tourism. For instance, the launching of Monte-Carlo Resort and the casino attached to the same is another development in the field of tourism in Fra nce. Most of the international tourists are interested in music and entertainment. In the year 1867, the French authorities in Orange, which deeply influenced the tourism sector, organized a music festival. The opening of the first tourist office in the year 1889 and the opening of the National Tourist Office in the year 1910 are other historical developments. Besides, the establishment of the Vanoise National Park (say, in 1963) in France initiated the development of sustainable tourism. The creation of French Conservatory for Coastal
Saturday, February 1, 2020
Demon Lover - Essay Example The aura of this story is psychological because the mysterious letter is a physical element with mental and emotional implications. We all have demons; the skeletons in Mrs. DroverÃ¢â¬â¢s closet in this story happen to be real. The man Mrs. Drover was intended to marry, before he was sent to war told her he did not know how long he would be gone, but she had nothing to do to await his return. Months after his departure he is reported missing, presumably killed. For years she goes unnoticed and un-admired by men. When her mother and sister fear she is past all hope, at 32 she secures the affections of William Drover. They marry and have three children. Her fiancÃ © is the incarnate ghost of her past which has been haunting her since she attempted to her live her life after his disappearance. She struggles with the fact that she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t know why she agreed to marry a man who was not kind to her. She still sees it as a suspension she was in and was not able to get out of. Something that still haunts her and makes her think of him, whether as a threat or as a person she left or could not wait for. She may feel guilt but it may be at her own actions. Guilt of feeling emotion for a man who did not treat her the way she wanted to be treated. When Mrs. Drover is described in her house, a house boarded-up and damaged by war, itÃ¢â¬â¢s painting for the reader an image of her life as affected by her long-lost fiancÃ ©; like her house, sheÃ¢â¬â¢s damaged though emotionally, and boarded up and abandoned. She also described as living in the country-side, away from the house and with her new family. If one were to see the story this way, we could also see her in the house presently to clean out the remnants of her feelings for her fiance, or to begin the final battle to get him out of her mind. This is supported by the description of the weather as weÃ¢â¬â¢re introduced to the deserted house: overcast, as if preparing to storm and later, we hear rain. This description has nothing to do on her doubts of her fianceÃ¢â¬â¢s disappearance; it just helps describe her journey in a clear way, though on her, a physical sign of her war is seen through a nervous twitch of her mouth. We should realize the fact that psychological st ories such as this one are made for the reader, so we need to pay attention to the fact that Elizabeth Bowen is trying to direct our minds down certain path, especially when introducing us to the house. She is trying to set a mood that is bleak, sinister and warning of something darker being imminent. The neighborhood being described as war-torn makes the area seem tormented, Ã¢â¬Å"Against the next batch of clouds, already piling up ink-dark, broken chimneys and parapets stood outÃ¢â¬ (Bowen, 1). This mood is also set by the weather in the beginning of the story where Bowen is trying to build an atmosphere of tension. This story is psychological because Mrs. DroverÃ¢â¬â¢s evils are either a figment of her imagination, or theyÃ¢â¬â¢re products of her ex-fianceÃ¢â¬â¢s threats, which are both physical and emotional. The letter she finds in her house is the first example of a physical threat, whether it is from him or not, she perceives the letter to be a threat in the way tha t the writer makes this whole story affect the reader: through controlled vagueness which causes the imagination of the recipient run wild and cause damage. The other physical reminder of her lover is the scar on her hand from