Sunday, August 23, 2020

Quantitative Research in Health, Safety, and Environment

Quantitative Research in Health, Safety, and Environment Casey Bird Theoretical In this article, quantitative research in the wellbeing, security, and natural (HSE) field will be talked about. The essential quantitative instrument used is the security board of trustees. With the wellbeing advisory group, direct correspondence lines with the executives on issues in the field can be accomplished. Quantitative research gives the capacity to comprehend different people groups wellbeing needs or recognitions (Austin Sutton, 2014). It permits an association to turn into a wellbeing first culture. So as to accomplish this sort of culture the association should know about required improvements. This is the reason quantitative wellbeing research is indispensable to an association. This paper will talk about the strategies used for quantitative research, and how the viability is estimated in that examination. MGs security board will be used to reflect other quantitative apparatuses. This incorporates Stop Work Authority (SWA), Core Values arrangement, and customary HSE ga therings. This paper will likewise advise the peruser on the significance regarding quantitative research to upgrade any authoritative projects. Quantitative Research in Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE) An essential instrument used in the wellbeing, security, and ecological (HSE) field is the wellbeing advisory group. The council is required to give contribution on episodes, proposals, and better practices to improve the general association (Kellerman, 2012). A wellbeing advisory group is one way that administration and cutting edge workers can scatter share information feelings. This sharing of data can be indispensable as there are various degrees of understanding from the workers on this advisory group. By having various degrees of knowledge, an association can develop and extend. The wellbeing board of trustees is additionally used in working environment examinations to give understanding just as to expand creation levels. A chief is might be caught up with overseeing representatives and creation levels which could bargain wellbeing. With an assigned council performing security assessments, it permits the managers to completely perform errands securely. A wellbeing council is likewise principal as another instrument for quantitative research. Quantitative research is a methodical procedure that looks at connections and communications (Burns Grove, 2005). So as to be increasingly proactive towards mishap counteraction, an association should progress in the direction of turning into a wellbeing first culture. In turning into a wellbeing first organization, an association ought to at first comprehend the requirements of the representatives. This can be practiced by using polls. Each wellbeing panel part is given a survey toward the start, center, and end of the time served on the board of trustees. It is required every part serve a behavior of one year on the board. So every survey gives a beginning stage to comprehend singular perspectives and on-going requirements for the association. Poll results could show other prompt needs of an association, for example, more help from management.ã‚â ã‚â It additionally uncovers differen t prescribed procedures to use in explicit tasks that guard individuals, and increment net revenues. These accepted procedures take into account an a lot higher effective usage rate, because of worker purchase in. With wellbeing board of trustees giving quantitative research to the association, it genuinely gives direct cash sparing undertakings to an association (Kellerman, 2012). Notwithstanding the wellbeing advisory group, all representatives are given Stop Work Authority (SWA). A SWA gives any worker the privilege and commitment to stop any perilous assignments or condition. As refered to in Morrison (2015), if workers used SWA each time an issue emerges, dominant part of occurrences and fatalities would be dispensed with. Be that as it may, a hole ordinarily observed in SWA is workers don't use it as regularly because of dread of retaliation from the business (Morrison, 2015).ã‚â To conquer this issue, MG Resins has executed a Core Value strategy. MG Resins is a polymer creation plant that is under development. The Core Value approach characterizes representative jobs and obligations, including the wellbeing advisory group. It traces that all workers have the privilege and commitment to use a SWA for any individual or gathering undertakings with no reprisal. In the event that any reprisal happens, it ought to be accounted for to the executives right away. So as to viably and productively close any holes including HSE issues, the board holds routinely planned gatherings with workers. These gatherings incorporate week after week, month to month, and quarterly held audit gatherings with representatives. During these gathering with the executives top HSE issues are given and talked about workers. Workers are continually urged to take part in the conversation. With representatives feeling that their understanding is required and endorsed, the more proactive impacts an association will accomplish. This expansion in worker inclusion likewise expands representatives confidence to work in a sheltered, solid, and earth well disposed work environment. MG Resins has significantly improved since usage of these quantitative research devices. With these quantitative strategies for the SWA, Core Value approach, and standard HSE gatherings more representatives are openly voicing feelings and revealing episodes. There were zero recordable wounds, zero ecological spills, and just two emergency treatment cases this year to date. The executives has likewise completely upheld and grasped proactive answers for decrease and dispense with future episodes. With this quantitative association, the board is currently ready to successfully archive and comprehend HSE issues straightforwardly by means of workers. With increasingly proactive representative contribution, the greater probability the associations objectives and dreams ought to be accomplished. Indeed, one representatives quantitative criticism permitted MG to build creation rates by killing human association and setting up mechanical technology. One creation line expected representatives to genuinely pack and tie-off the last item. To finish just one request could take as long as four hours. During a HSE meeting this point was raised for wellbeing reasons, yet for creation also. This proactive activity of executing mechanical autonomy permitted representatives to perform other basic errands, while the apply autonomy finished this one protracted assignment. As I would like to think, as a security proficient, quantitative research is a necessary need to improve any association. The future utilization of quantitative research is cemented in the MG association just as in the HSE field. Without quantitative research managers and wellbeing experts would not have the option to be as proactive in their projects. The eventual fate of quantitative research ought to incorporate inquiring about more up to date advancements. The more up to date ages are turning out to be more technically knowledgeable, and this might be a chance to connect with a greater crowd. The more information an association can get, the more noteworthy the potential for the association to succeed. The executives needs to get a handle on this chance to help the workers and clients so as to improve the association. In any case, a detour with numerous wellbeing experts is the capacity to persuade upper administration that quantitative research is crucial in supporting creation activities. It is my sentiment, that on occasion, the executives ignores security at representatives impediment and prosperity. It is just when a disaster occurs, that administration will at that point search out wellbeing. A decent security proficient must discover shared opinion for demonstrating to the executives that quantitative research and creation go connected at the hip. Before disasters happen, it is my supposition, that actualizing a quantitative wellbeing project can be an advantage for any association. Any association, including MG, would do well in finding a harmony between executing quantitative security and creation. At the point when all degrees of the board and representatives similarly comprehend that no wellbeing will be yielded for creation, it is then that the companys objectives will be accomplished. References Austin Z. Sutton J. (2014). Subjective research: getting started.Retrieved from Consumes N., Grove S.K. (2005). The act of nursing research: direct, evaluate, and usage. Recovered from Kellerman M. (2012). Security panels: Just publicity or do they truly profit a company.Retrieved from Morrison K. (2015). Stop-work authority: Empowering laborers to end a perilous circumstance can help forestall wounds, specialists state. Recovered from

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Investment Decision Making Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Venture Decision Making - Assignment Example Market chance is viewed as un-diversifiable and in this way financial specialists anticipate that a hazard premium should repay them for taking on such hazard. (Bodie et al., 2002; Ross et al., 1999). Unsystematic hazard also called firm explicit hazard or working danger is chance that can be differentiated away and in this way financial specialists ought not be made up for taking on such hazard. (Bodie et al., 2002; Ross et al., 1999). Preceding the Basel II accord, more accentuation was set on supporting business sector hazard. Be that as it may, following from the Basel II accord, Operations chance in this alluded to as OR started getting more prominent consideration. (Neu and Khn, 2003). The point of this investigation is to examine the issues and dangers remote organizations that need to work together in United Arab Emirates and Venezuela are probably going to confront. Furthermore, the hazard that the organization may look in these nations will likewise be broke down as for every one of the two nations. Hazard related with remote speculation whether immediate or roundabout are various. The paper will start by introducing a review of the hazard circumstance of United Arab Emirates to some degree one, concentrating on all the dangers looked by outside organizations working around there. Section two examine a comparable circumstance as partially one, yet concentrating on Venezuela. Section three of the paper differentiate the circumstance dependent on the data introduced to a limited extent one and two, while the last area settled on an educated choice to financial specialists with regards to which of the two nations to contribute upon. 1.1.1 United Arab Emirates Overview Joined Arab Emirates, UAE is a nation in the Middle East flanking the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, among Oman and Saudi Arabia (IMF Economic Report 2007). Potential market's pointers incorporate Joined Arab Emirates Populace (in millions) 4.5 Import of products and enterprises (millions $ ) 98.976 GNP (in a great many USD) 103.460 The U.A.E. is viewed as one of the most noteworthy per-capita net national items on the planet (IMF Economic Report 2007). Albeit still vigorously reliant on incomes from oil and gas, the nation is moderately very much protected from times of low oil costs in light of effective advances toward monetary broadening, enormous outside trade holds and abroad ventures. 1.1.2 United Arab Emirates Risk Profile This segment of the paper takes a gander at the general hazard circumstance of the UAE territory. Consideration is paid on key change drivers and hazard pointers, for example, political hazard, monetary hazard, serious hazard, swapping scale vacillations and so forth. The segment feels free to check whether there are a portion of these dangers novel to the territory. The Literature encompassing working danger has focused on its administration (e.g., Lewis,

Friday, August 21, 2020

Arguments for and Against Term Limits Essay Example for Free

Contentions for and Against Term Limits Essay My examination demonstrated there is progressively open help for term limits. The most well-known explanation was voters feel disappointed and distorted by the applicant in office. It is accepted that vocation government officials are elitists and don't have an away from of what â€Å"real† individuals are managing or need. Term cutoff points would make an in any event, playing field for newcomers permitting new thoughts and new masterminds in with the general mish-mash. Newcomers would be less affected by extraordinary interests and diminish debasement. Those restricted as far as possible fundamentally bolster the reason that supplanting prepared experienced lawmakers with unpracticed individuals that are new to the issues is hindering to pushing things ahead. It takes long stretches of understanding to find a workable pace on the issues and the principles of government. Constraining terms would be prohibitive and dispense with the â€Å"good† fellow government officials that are working admirably speaking to the individuals. Usually term constrained legislators are not as submitted around the finish of their term since they don’t need to stress over their record of achievements for re-appointment. At the point when I initially began to chip away at this task I was persuaded that I was agreeable as far as possible for governmentally chose authorities. I was persuaded that term limits were a smart thought so as to lessen debasement and create new thoughts. In the wake of doing some underlying examination I understood that term limits are not the answer for government change. The individuals choose government authorities. It is dependent upon the voters to cast a ballot in change, get included, and bolster their applicant of decision. Casting a ballot is a common freedom for all made sure about by the penances of others. It is our resident duty to conjure our entitlement to cast a ballot and to be educated, taught voters. References htttp:// a214115

Knights And Chivalry Essay -- essays research papers fc

KNIGHTS AND CHIVALRY Knights were an enormous piece of the Middle Ages. A great deal individuals believe that knights are officers who were canvassed in metal, and battled mythical serpents and shrewdness individuals. In spite of the fact that they were warriors, or troopers, knights never battled mythical beasts. Knights battled for their ruler or master since land was guaranteed to them. To turn into a knight you must be brought into the world an honorable kid and begin preparing at age seven. The young men didn't go to class since he was sent to live with another honorable family as a page. A page figured out how to function with ponies and weapons. He likewise learned habits and to be well mannered. He got things done for the respectable family. At age 14 a page turned into an assistant to a knight. As an assistant you needed to serve the knight. By watching the knight the assistant figured out how to battle and utilize the weapons to reinforce his body. The assistant needed to do numerous things with the knight. On the off chance that the knight needed to go into fight the assistant needed to go as well. At the point when the knight got injured the assistant fixed his injuries. On the off chance that the knight was in peril the assistant safeguarded him, and if the knight kicked the bucket the assistant would arrangement a legitimate internment. An assistant figured out how to make and serve dinners and was the knight's very own hireling. On the assistant's 21st birthday his aptitudes would make him a knight. His aptitudes were tried during competitions. There was a service for the assistant when he was prepared to turn into a knight. On the night prior to the function the assistant washed and put on extraordinary garments. He implored alone in a congregation with his weapons. The following day t...

Thursday, July 9, 2020

What Can Critical Essay Samples Help Me With?

What Can Critical Essay Samples Help Me With?Critical essay samples are widely available in the market and are easily available online. They can be used to improve your writing skills, especially when you get overwhelmed with all the terms that are used in the course material. However, many of the analytical essays written by students do not have any significance and are mostly boring.You can find several different kinds of essays to help you improve your writing skills, however, you must realize that it will take you a long time to read through these papers, especially if you do not have an aptitude for reading. You might also be discouraged by not getting any points for every word that you put on paper.Therefore, you should make sure that you choose the right essay samples. Writing is an art that involves a lot of practice is something that should be applied to every essay that you write. You need to learn how to manage the length of the paper, but it should not be excessive. The l ength of an essay will affect its quality.So, you need to remember that you can use critical essay samples that you get from different sources, but you should make sure that you do not use them as an example. These samples can be great examples to use as a guideline for your own essay, but you must remember that it is only a guideline.When you start using the essay samples, you might not realize that the first one that you apply is going to be the best one. It is important to read the essay, apply it and make sure that it meets your requirements. In other words, you should never copy them, but you should always add your own emphasis on what is required for the topic that you are writing about.This is a way of encouraging yourself to work hard to make the most out of your essay. If you take the time to look at the samples, you will realize that most of them are simple and make you think about the subject matter and the structure of the essay. You will also realize that many of the es says are extremely short and you can easily get lost in a long paper that contains a lot of concepts and terms.Therefore, if you use essay samples, you must remember that it is not the only thing that you should use. The most important aspect that you need to keep in mind is that you need to be honest with yourself. Many of the essays that you find online will probably not get you points in college, therefore, make sure that you apply the same mindset to your own essay.

Thursday, July 2, 2020

The Efficiency and the Applications of Vedic Mathematics - 550 Words

Vedic Mathematics: Investigating Its Efficiency and Exploring Its Applications (Essay Sample) Content: Vedic Mathematics: Investigating Its Efficiency and Exploring Its Applications.NameInstitutional AffiliationVedic Mathematics: Investigating Its Efficiency and Exploring Its Applications.Vedic mathematics is a mathematics method that is defined precisely as a unique method of calculations that are based on a number of simple principles and rules which are utilized to solve a myriad of mathematical problems be it trigonometry, algebra, arithmetic, and geometry. The Vedic mathematics system is based on sixteen simple rules, typically referred to as the 16 Vedic sutras or aphorisms, which loosely describe various natural ways of solving a broad range of mathematical problems (Agarwal Sen, 2014). A scholar of mathematics, history, and Sanskrit revived the Vedic mathematics system from ancient Indian scriptures. The scholar, Sri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji, extensively studied the ancient Indian scriptures eventually coming up with the mathematical formulae, known as sutras that form the basis of the Vedic mathematical system.The simplicity of Vedic mathematics has made it a much more efficient form of learning mathematics as compared to other conventional strategies. In Vedic mathematics, it is easier to memorize the principles associated with the system and one does not have to commit to memory and comprehend extensive multiplication and algorithm tables typically associated with conventional mathematics. According to various students of Vedic mathematics, they have stated that the process makes it much easier to visualize calculations in the head as opposed to conventional mathematics (Joseph, 2011). This fast visualization effect, in turn, means that mathematical problems can be solved faster saving on resources such as time.The efficiency of the Vedic mathematics system has led to the application of the process on a much larger scale. In digital signal processing, the Vedic mathematics techniques are currently being utilized, as the process is lar gely a multiplication routine, and have been praised to have brought speed and power to various technologies which include automotive, industrial control, aerospace, biometrics to mentions but a few. The multiplication process utilized in digital signals processing is based on Vedic algorithms and its subsequent application in microprocessors has resulted in significant reduction in the processing time, which in turn results in an increase in the overall speed of the computer (Chidgupkar Karad, 2004).The Vedic mathematics process also faces resistances f...

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Iceland The Country That Become A Hedge Fund Finance Essay - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 11 Words: 3367 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Finance Essay Type Argumentative essay Did you like this example? The report of Iceland: The Country That Become a Hedge Fund is written by Peter Gumbel, a Europe editor of Fortune Magazine. This report is basically explained the development of Iceland going bankruptcy. The financial crisis of Iceland is happened at the end of year 2008 until now. This crisis comprises the collapse of all of the countrys main commercial banks which are Glitnir, Landsbanki, and Kaupthing due to their difficulties in refinancing their short-term debt and a run on deposit in the United Kingdom. In late September 2008, there was news about Glitnir bank would be taken over, followed by Lansbanki and Kaupthing was passed to receivers appointed by Financial Supervisory Authority (FME) as well. The assets of the three banks taken under control of the FME totaled 14.437 trillion kronur at the end of second quarter 2008. Icelands external debt was 9.553 trillion kronur, equaled to 50 billion pounds, more than 80% of which was detained by the banking sector. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Iceland The Country That Become A Hedge Fund Finance Essay" essay for you Create order This financial crisis has had serious outcomes to the Icelandic economy. The national currency, Kronur had fallen stridently in value, foreign currency transactions were nearly suspended for weeks. Besides, the market capitalization of the Iceland stock exchange has plunged by more than 90%. Due to the crisis, Iceland is currently suffering a severe economic recession; the nations gross domestic product (GDP) reduced by 5.5% in real terms in the first months of 2009. Although, the full cost of the crisis cannot yet be revealed, it already exceeds 75% of the countrys 2007 GDP. Background of the Central Bank Chairman of Iceland, David Oddsson David Oddsson was born on 17 January 1948 at Reykjavik, Iceland. He is an Icelandic politician and the longest-serving Prime Minister of Iceland. He was holding office from 1991 to 2004. He also was a Foreign Minister from 2004 to 2005. In the past, he was Mayor of Reykjavk from 1982 to 1991, and he leaded the board of governors of the Central Bank of Iceland from 2005 to 2009. The collapse of Icelands banking system led to verbal demands for his resignation both by members of the Icelandic public and by Icelandic Prime Minister Johanna Siguroardottir. This resulted in him being replaced as head of the Central Bank in 2009. In September 2009 he was hired as the editor of Morgunbladid, one of Icelands largest newspapers. Background of Glitnir Bank Before 1930, Glitnir was first named as Islandsbanki. Islandsbanki was founded at1904, to provide financing service mainly for the fisheries sector and the countrys emerging industries. It functioned until 1930, when its activities were taken over by Utvegsbanki, the Fisheries Bank of Iceland. 60 years later, three smaller banks, Idnadarbanki slands (the Industrial Bank of Iceland), Verzlunarbanki Islands (the Iceland Bank of Commerce) and Alpydubankinn (the Union Bank) were combined with Utvegsbanki to form a new Islandsbanki, which later became Glitnir. Now the name Islandsbanki will be adopted once more to replace Glitnir after the collapse of the financial system. The decision to restore the name Islandsbanki was prompted in part by proposals made by a huge number of the banks customers in recent months. Islandsbanki is a valuable and well-known brand. The name has a long tradition behind it and shows the banks new strategy emphasizing principally its home environment and serving Icelandic companies and families. Background of Kaupthing Bank Kaupthing Bank was an international Icelandic bank, headquartered in Reykjavk, Iceland. It was structured by the merger of Kaupthing and Bunadarbanki Islands in 2003 and is the largest bank in Iceland. Kaupthing Bank formerly operated in thirteen countries; including all the Nordic countries, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States. It is the seventh largest bank in the Nordic countries in terms of market capitalization. On 9 October 2008, the Icelandic Financial Supervisory Authority took control of the bank after a major banking and financial crisis in Iceland. So far, it has not been declared bankrupt, although it has obtained a moratorium on payments from the District Court of Reykjavik and has been suspended from trading in the Iceland Stock Exchange. On November 20, 2009, New Kaupthing, the name given to the spin-off of the banks Icelandic based operations, changed its name to Arion Banki. Non-Icelandic assets are still held within the bank which continues to be called Kaupthing, as of August, 2010. Background of Landsbanki Bank Landsbanki is normally known as Landsbankinn in Iceland. It was international Icelandic bank. On October 7, 2008, the Icelandic Financial Supervisory Authority took control of Landsbanki. Since its establishment in 1885 (commenced operations in 1886) Landsbanki has been influential in the economic development of business and industry in Iceland. Landsbanki was the central bank of Iceland from 1927 until 1961. At the time, this interest was principally directed towards note issuance rather than monetary policy. It was later replaced in this capability by the Central Bank of Iceland at the behest of the Althing. Landsbanki currently has 40 branches and sub-branches all over Iceland, plus a wide-ranging network of international correspondent banks. Landsbanki and its subsidiaries have offices operating in 15 different countries, including the major financial centre of Europe, and North American representation in New York, Winnipeg and Halifax. 2.0 Discussion Part The Main Causes The main causes of the crises of Iceland started in 2001 when the banks deregulated the Iceland. Meanwhile, this makes easier for the banks to upload debts while foreign companies were accumulated or making profit. However, the crises has unable to refinance their debts. The three major banks hold foreign debt excess ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã… ¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¬50 billion, compared with Icelands gross domestic product which is ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã… ¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¬8.5 billion. In early March 2008 for deposit insurance in Landsbanki and Kaupthing was higher (6-8 ½% of the sum deposited) comparing to European banks. For the domestic market, the Iceland banks financed their expansion with loans on the interbank lending market and about 60% depositing outside Iceland, (which also becoming external debt). Meanwhile, the central bank reduced the percentage of assets of the bank required to deposit. One the other side, Households took on a large amount of debt equivalent to 213% of disposable income, which leads to inflation. However, This inflation was increased the practice of the Central Bank of Iceland by issuing liquidity loans to banks on the basis of newly-issued, which were uncovered bonds, by printing money on demand. In response of raising the prices to 14% within twelve month to September 2008, compared with the mission of 2.5%, therefore, the central bank of Iceland held high interest rates 15.5%. For example in compared with 5.5% in United Kingdom and 4% in Eurozone, has encouraged overseas countries which are the investors to hold deposits in Icelandic Kronur, leading to monetary inflation. Meanwhile, the Icelandic money supply (M3) increased 56.5% in the twelve months to September 2008, compared to 5.0% GDP growth. This situation was very bad in the economic because the investors was overestimating the exactly value of the currency in Krona. This resulted to become difficult to roll over their loans in the interbank market, on the other hand, the creditors also was insisted on repayment while no other banks were willing to make fresh loans, whereby in such situation arises the bank have to ask a loan from the central bank as the lender of the last resort. However, the Icelandic government and central bank of Island could not guarantee the repayment of the banks debt which results to collapse of the banks. Meanwhile, the reserves of the central bank of Iceland has stood up 374.8 billion Kronur at the end of September 2008, compared with the 350.3 billion Kronur of short term international debt in the Icelandic banking sector, while 6.5 billion(1,250 billion Kronur) of retail deposits in the UK. The Main Effects Financial crisis of Iceland has mainly effected into the The currency of the country Banks of the country Stock market 1. The currency of Iceland The Icelandic Krone had resulted to declined more than 35% a gains euro from January to September 2008. While the inflation of consumer price was running at 14% and the interest rate was increasing to 15.5% this result shows us that the currency dealing with high inflation. Meanwhile, lets to take one example of the trading of Icelandic Krone, on Wednesday the Icelandic was trading 340 into euro , this is because when the FMEs decided to takeover Icelandic banks , which has resulted to loss all Krone trade (clearing houses ) However, on 15 October the central bank of Iceland launched a temporary system of the daily auction currency, which can be determined the value of Krona by checking the supply and demand of this auction. Moreover the first auction was sold ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã… ¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¬25 million for the rate 150 Kronur against euro. Flowed by the last auction which was held on 3 December, therefore the Krona climber 153 against euro, up to 22% increased for the last currency auction rate. (This graph shows declining of the Icelandic krna against the euro) 2. Banks of Iceland The crises has mainly effected to collapse the major commercial banks . this will be the largest suffered by any country in the history. Moreover. The Glitnir is one of the international Icelandic bank, which has being effected the financial crises. On 29 September, The Icelandic financial supervisory authority (FME) has announced that the Glitnir will be nationalized with the purchase of 75% stake of ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã… ¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¬600 million. This is because the government is not willing to hold ownership of the bank for a long period ,however, within weeks the bank has turned out of debt US s750 million due to mature on 15 October. Flowed by on 6 October, when a number of credit facilities owned by the private interbank facilities to Icelandic banks were suddenly shut down. The prime minister Gier Haarde was mention that there will be a package of a new regulatory measures will be passed to the Althing (is the national parliament of Iceland). Meanwhile, the parliament cooperating with the opposition parties and the power FME which they attend to take over the banks without nationalizing them, was guaranteed in separate measure, retail deposit in Iceland branches. After they make that decision On 9 October FME placed the Kaupthing bank into receivership flowed by the resignation of the entire board of directors. The Kaupthing bank mention that it was a technical default on its loan agreement this is because when UK subsidiary had been placed into administration. 3. Stock Market The financial crises has mainly effected the stock market whereby many shares collapse. Lets to take one example, on 6-13 October FME was cancelled OMX Nordic include six financial companies on the Iceland exchange , this is because there was unusual market condition, the shares was falling 30% since the beginning of the month. When it was reopened the main index, the OMZ Iceland 15, at 678.4 which has corresponds to a plunge about 77% compared with 3,004.6 before the maturity. Moreover, On 9 December, the two financial service companies which are Straummber-Buroaras and Eixsts ,there accound was 12.04% of the OMX Iceland 15. This shows the value of shares of the two companies are dropped sharply. Meanwhile the index was close at 394.88, down by 40.17% on the day. On the other hand, SPRON and Kaupthing was remain suspended at the price of ISK 1.90 and ISK 694.00 respectively. During Iceland financial crises there were four credit rating agencies which controls sovereign debts are lowered their rating and turned their future rating change negatively. However, the government was healthy balance whereby the sovereign debt was 29%, and a budget surplus 5.5% of GDP, while the debt is now 90% of GDP with a budget deficit. Furthermore, the value of foreign currency bonds remains in $600 million in 2009 and foreign currency debt was $215 million. After in such economic bubble, the government tried to get assistance in many countries include Moscow, Russian, Denmark and Norway and many other countries, but fortunately they got respond from Norway, Sweden, Findland to loan ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã… ¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¬2.1 billion and another $2.5bn of loans and currency swaps. flowed by Denmark, Germany, Netherland and united Kingdom loan of $ 6.3 bn . (The value of the OMX Iceland 15 from January 1998 to October 2008) The effect of the crises Within Iceland The financial crises in Iceland has severely effected in the Iceland business and citizens in the country. For example , the replacement of the old bank Laandsbanki to the Landsbanki losses 300 employees , this is because of radical restriction of the organization to minimize international operations of the bank. Similar jobs loses happened in Kaupthing and Glitnir, the job losses are estimated with the 2,136 registered for un employed while only 495 had got vacancies at the end of August 2008 There were many other company effected in this situation include the privates Sterling Airlines company declared bankruptcy on 29 October 2008. While the national airline Iceland air has also noticed significant losses for flights. However, for other business such as importers it was very hard hit, this is because the government restricted the foreign currency even the essential product such as food, medicine and oil. However the ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã… ¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¬400 million loan from Norway and central bank of Denmark was insufficient to pay for months imports. This results that the Icelands GDP shrink by as much as 10% , putting Iceland some measures in an economic depression. And the inflation was expecting to climb as higher as 75% by the end of this year. Moreover, In November 2008 the financial crises was deteriorating by resulting to tripled the unemployment with over 7,000 registered in the jobseekers, compared to 2136 at the end of the August 2008. Meanwhile, as 80% of household debt is indexed while another 13% denominated in foreign currencies, which resulted to become costly for the debt repayment. Outside Iceland The financial crises was not only based on Iceland country but also there was more than 100 outsides business effected. For example UK in the local authorities, specially Kent Country bank invested Icelandic banks more than 840 million cash . This is because they were working and getting advice under the government, whereby giving direction to invest their money across international banks and many other national banks regarding of spreading the risk.The most investment was paid in police service and fire authorities and even the audit commission. The investors was hoping that one third of their money will get back rapidly, corresponding to the UK subsidiaries of the liquid asset. And other assets liquidation include loans and offices thinking that it will take longer time However in Novermber 2008 the cost of the deposit insurance in UK authoraties was not very clear, but there was some depositors paid include UK treasury 600 million, followed by the transferring the deposit to FSCS (Financial services compensation scheme) 3 billion into the Heritable Bank and Kaupthing Singer friendlander to ING direct. Conclusion A financial crisis has happened in Iceland which caused an economical recession in one of the smallest nations in Western Europe. A failure in three of the biggest banks in the country Glitnir , Landsbanki, and Kaupthing lead to economical crisis. The banking sector of the country was nationalized and integrated into a single functioning unit bank which was called Islandbank. The government decision had taken when the foreign debts in Icelandic banks reached more than 5 billion pounds. Although one of the banks had 40 branches in many different countries in the world, all of them are controlled by Financial Supervisory Authority. The nationalizing of the three banks was decided after the three banks could not refinance the profits of the accumulated foreign debts which were exceeded 50 billion pounds and the deposit insurance was extremely high. The central bank reduced the minimum reserves requirement, and also it held high interest rates as well as increased the money supply to the market which lead to a high percentage of inflation, and the real value of the krona was overestimated, that caused for international creditors to distrust the three Icelandic banks. then the central bank could not repay the banks because its reserve was less than international debt which was 350.3 billion. The impact of the crisis has caused many different problems not only inside Iceland but its extended to beyond the countrys borders. The major internal impact was increasing in unemployment rate, which was result of integrating the three banks together and minimizing their international operations. The other internal sector affected was imports, because the government restricted the dealings with foreign currencies which were an essential part for trading the important products and items. Recommendation The crisis was too heavy to hit a small country such as Iceland, the crisis impact will be long term, and the recovery process will take long time. We think the recovery cannot be done without the government, so the first important action was to suspend the international operations that dealt with Icelandic banks, although it caused inflation, it took part in minimizing the crisis impact. In order to solve the inflation problem the central bank should decrease the interest rate and that will encourage the households and companies to deposit more money. Strengthening the liquidity is another important factor and this can be done by recapitalizing the banks, by attracting as much depositors to provide funds and capitals. Iceland can use the national resources to attract investors and especially in the fishing industry, and attracting many tourists for visiting the country. Also adapting the korona as the only currency inside Iceland, and use it for international trading such as pricing the exports of Iceland with korona, and that will stabilize the value of korona. The government must have access to adequate amount of liquid assets to meet any conceivable redemption demand from depositors or to recapitalize banks that are insolvent as well as illiquid. The national banks have to denominate the liability such as deposits in to the national currency. The central bank has a potentially unlimited supply of domestic currency liquidity through its ability to issue legal tender at will. They also must take a daring steps against increasing of the inflation, so the easily can offset the open market operations, and selling the securities whether they are public securities or private. If the securities are private, the government loses the principal and interest it would otherwise have received. So if the securities sold are government debts, then the government will repay the principal and interest to the private sector. The taxes are very important and the government to overcome inflation problem and they should increase the taxes in order to minimize the spending, so the tax payers in Iceland must realize the importance of paying the taxes which can help in preventing inflation. Its obvious that central bank of Iceland must borrow an extra foreign exchange. The best method for the central bank is to attempt to establish foreign currency credit lines, and also establishing overdraft facilities which was conducted in the three Nordic banks. The swap is a common dealings and arrangements conducted by the central banks in all around the world. In December 2007 the Fed and SNB agreed to swap $4 million swap facility, and also a $20 billion swap facility between Fed and the ECB, so if we see Iceland did not took an advantage for swaps , because few foreign central banks would naturally wish to take a significant long position in the Icelandic krna. However, the problem of the global contagion fallout from an Icelandic bank failure is likely to be quite Persuasive and the ECB, the Bank of England and the Fed may be willing counterparties. However the government of Iceland faced some difficulties in borrowing money from foreign countries, and that is due to the credit rating of Iceland after the crisis. So we will conclude our recommendation by emphasizing on four major points, the first one is that financial supervision must be more effective if it was consolidated inside central bank of Iceland, so its good reason to have prudential supervision in central bank. Secondly the central bank of Iceland should change scale that it uses for its inflation target to minimize the influence of housing price fluctuation, so that means CB should target on inflation measures that are mostly comprised of prices that are sticky, and so exclude asset prices such as housing. Thirdly Icelands commercial banks should be encouraged and should also see that it is in their best interest to show more information about their activities. That will increase the confidence among the individuals and customers and bad rumors will be eliminated. Finally the government should implement a formal fiscal policy rule in order to dampen the Icelandic business cycle to support monetary policy better. Finally the government must utilize the fiscal policy to reduce the cycle of Icelandic business to effectively support the policy of monetary.

What Do the Representations of Cleopatra in Film and on...

Part 1 What do the representations of Cleopatra in film and on television (as shown on the DVD video ‘Cleopatra’) tell us about how her reputation changed over time? Discuss with reference to two or three representations. The name Cleopatra invokes a striking image in your mind. The Egyptian queen who took on the might of Rome. The way we see Cleopatra’s character changes in the way she has been depicted in movies and television across the years. With each different portrayal she reflects contemporary issues regarding society, the role of women and the historical knowledge available. The three representations of Cleopatra I will be looking at are the films from 1917 staring Theda Bara and 1963 starring Elizabeth Taylor and the†¦show more content†¦Her skin is darker and her hair is shorter and covered in various head dresses. In character she is shrews and calculating and unafraid and skilled at using a weapon. This reflects how society has changed and how the role of women has change over the years. Women are seen as more able equal in skill and ability to men. It also showed the difference in knowledge of ancient Egypt; still seen as luxurious the alliance was needed by Rome for strategic reasons. Whilst all three depictions of Cleopatra show opulence, luxury and a sexually proactive and powerful stateswoman. It is how perception of these roles has changed over the years which cultivate the reputation of Cleopatra. From a sexually dominant woman as bad and threatening thing to a shrewd leader unafraid to use all weapons at her disposal to ensure the strength of her nation and the continuation of her bloodline. 504 words Part 2 Read the following passage from Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus. Discuss how the passage contributes to the portrayal of Faustus as aShow MoreRelatedMarketing and E-commerce Business65852 Words   |  264 PagesCHAPTER 3 E-COMMERCE INFRASTRUCTURE: THE INTERNET, WEB, AND MOBILE PLATFORM Opening Case: Google Glass: Augment My Reality Insight on Society: Government Surveillance and Regulation of the Internet Insight on Technology: Is HTML5 Ready for Prime Time? Insight on Business: The Apps Ecosystem Case Study: Akamai Technologies: Attempting to Keep Supply Ahead of Demand CHAPTER 4 BUILDING AN E-COMMERCE PRESENCE: WEB SITES, MOBILE SITES, AND APPS Opening Case: USA Today Redesigns Insight on Business:

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Database Management System ( Dbms ) - 1391 Words

A database management system or DBMS is a certain type of system software, which is used for the creation, and management of databases. A DBMS serves for multiple purposes but is mainly used to provide users and programmers with a systematic way to retrieve, create, manage, and update data. A DBMS serves as an interface between data and its end user, making sure that data is consistently organized and remains easily accessible to users. DBMS’s are vital to several aspects of our technological world and are responsible for the data organization of several thriving industries in this world including banking, airlines, wealth management, manufacturers, credit card companies, and telecommunications. A DBMS is useful for providing a view of data that can be accessed by multiple users, from multiple locations at one time. A DBMS can act as a filter and can limit what a user sees and also sets limits on how that user can view data. Users and programmers are free from having to determ ine where the data is physically located or on what type of storage media it resides because the DBMS simply deals with all requests. The DBMS can give both logical and physical data independence, which means that it can protect its users or applications from needing to know where data is stored. Although a DBMS benefits several sectors of the world, they are by far most beneficial in business organizations. Thousands of companies depend on accurate recordings, updates, and tracking of their dataShow MoreRelatedDatabase Management Systems ( Dbms )898 Words   |  4 Pagesmust pay close attention to how they access, store and use data. One of the systems at the heart of current data management is different database management system. But as with most technology product out there, people have a wide range of database technologies and systems to choose from. Picking out the most convenient for your business can be difficult. This guide will hope to explain what database management systems are and what are the benefits for using one. We’ll also explain some of theRead MoreThe Database Management System (DBMS)1451 Words   |  6 PagesThe Database Management System (DBMS) is software that enables the users to define, create, maintain and control the access to the database. It is a software that interact with the user’s applications programs and it database. Meanwhile, information retrieval system is a system that involved the activity that the systems obtain the information. The obtaining information action need the information from it resources. The DBMS has a function that can be differentiate from the information retrievalRead MoreDatabase Management Systems Or Dbms1791 Words   |  8 PagesDatabase Management Systems or DBMS’ are essential software’s for databases that take in information to be processed, organized, and analyzed. DBMS’ play a significant role in many things we interact with on the daily like the internet. DBMS’ can be on a small scale for individual use or on a larger scale for a company looking to keep track of all the data they collect. Each database is custom designed for the company, or organization that will use it. Records are kept in databases and each recordRead MoreDatabase Management System Software ( Dbms )1557 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Database management system software (DBMS) is the software that can operate on the front and back end of an organization’s database. As do the database requirements of an organization differ, so do the types of DBMS software. The type of DBMS software required can often be narrowed down to the organization’s size and industry (Mohamed 2016). Currently, the top three DBMSs are Oracle, MySQL, and Microsoft SQL Server (â€Å"Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. Oracle Comparison† 2016). Read MoreAnalyzing Database Management Systems ( Dbms ) Come Into Play1948 Words   |  8 PagesAnalyzing Database Management Systems Data. It is all around every person on this earth whether they realize it or not. Throughout each and everyone’s life they collect data and have their data collected by others. Height, weight, shopping habits, health history are all examples of data that is tracked. The question is what is done with this data? People, companies, even the government analyze the data they collect and analyze it with hope of discovering new information. How they do this isRead MoreAnalyzing Database Management Systems ( Dbms ) Come Into Play1888 Words   |  8 PagesAnalyzing Database Management Systems Data. It encompasses every person on earth, whether they realize it or not. Throughout each’s life they collect data and have their data collected by others. Height, weight, shopping habits, health history are all examples of data that is tracked. The question is what is done with this data? People, companies, even the government analyze the data they collect and analyze it with the hope of discovering new information. How they accomplish this is particularlyRead MoreDatabase Management System ( Dbms )836 Words   |  4 Pagesis a DBMS? Briefly describe the components of a DBMS. Database Management System(DBMS) is a collection of interrelated data (database) and set of programs to access and modify those data. DBMS has several components. Each component has some specific task to perform. The Major components DBMS are as follows, Hardware Without hardware it is not possible to implement DBMS. The main hardware is the computer used for storing and accessing the data in database. Other hardware components used in DBMS areRead MoreRelational Database Management System (Dbms)1695 Words   |  7 Pagesthe data storage using a database management system, in this case, Microsoft Access to address the problem Purpose and goal of this project To develop an improved data storage system using Microsoft Access 2010 as the Relational Database Management System (DBMS) that would make generation of Pivot Tables and charts easy while proving other benefits to the business. The database will replace the Microsoft XLS file format for storing the data and the benefit of database normalization will be realizedRead Morethe pros and cons of a database management system (DBMS) for a new a newly established multi-campus Mpokeleshi University library in Muchinga province of Zambia.1989 Words   |  8 Pagespresent a position paper about the pros and cons of a database management system (DBMS) for a new a newly established multi-campus Mpokeleshi University library in Muchinga province of Zambia. It further gives sufficiently clear arguments to enable the vice-chancellor make an informed decision on the way forward. The paper will first define the major concepts under review before outlining the pros and cons of a database management system (DBMS) and finally give sufficiently clear arguments to enableRead MoreThe Evolution Of Database Management System1099 Words   |  5 PagesThe Evolution of DBMS A database management system, also known as DBMS, is a type of software that is used in order to create and manage a multitude of databases. Data is the power that runs most modern businesses. This specific program provides a technique for people to use a â€Å"systematic† way to create, retrieve, update, and manage many diverse types of data. DBMS is used to manage three important things, which is data, database engine, and database schema. These different elements help to provide

Superstitions in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by...

Superstition In Huckleberry Finn multiple instances of superstitions arise and seem to be engraved in the culture, even the most utmost examples being rarely questioned and continually passed on from generation to generation like a hand-me-down. In modern society, superstition is one big mind game. Eventually, enough people are affected by these notions that they become evidence for others. In both modern day and in the late 1800s when the story of Huck Finn took place, superstition has been used as a cloak to explain events or occurrences that humans cannot or simply choose not to explain in a logical manner, oftentimes showing the illogical thinking and gullibility of a certain society. In the story, Jim is a runaway slave. Because many unfair things happen to slaves, superstition plays a more prevalent role in Jim’s life. Jim uses superstitions to justify unfortunate events that happen to him, just accepting what had happened rather than investigating. In Chapter 10, Huck handles a snakeskin and Jim warns Huck that it would cause them bad luck. Later on, Huck finds another rattlesnake. Once Huck had killed the snake, he put it in the bottom of Jim’s blanket, searching for a good laugh when Jim found it. It eventually attracted another snake that bit Jim when he crawled in. Huck never told Jim that he put the dead snake in his blanket. Jim then scolded Huck about handling the snake skin earlier â€Å"Jim said he reckoned I would believe him next time. And he said thatShow MoreRelatedSuperstition in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain661 Words   |  3 PagesIn the novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, the theme of super stition is obviously portrayed in both views of Jim and Huck. Huck shows his beliefs in superstition throughout the entire novel, but especially in the beginning. Between Huck And Jim, Jim is by far the most superstitious. Huckleberry Finn is superstitious out of terror, while Jim is superstitious out of beliefs and his education. Huck and Jim have different point of views on how they see superstition. Jim, is Huck’sRead MoreMorality in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essay717 Words   |  3 PagesAmerican author Mark Twain was one of the most influential people of his time. Twain is perhaps best known for his traditional classic, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, a novel about an adventurous boy named Huck Finn as he traverses about on the Mississippi. Under first impressions, Huckleberry Finn would be considered nothing but a children’s tale at heart written by the highly creative Mark Twain. However one interprets it, one can undoubtedly presume that Twain included personal accounts withinRead MoreThe Main Themes of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain796 Words   |  4 Pagesattempting to find a plot in it will be shot.† This quote is from Mark Twain at the beginning of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and it shows Mark Twain’s humor, while also setting the tone for the book. This book was published in the 1880’s, which was around twenty years after the civil war, but it showed there were still signs of discrimination against the African Americans. The main themes of this story are racism and slavery, superstitions, and the issue of conforming to society to please othersRead MoreEssay on Prejudice and Racism in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn833 Words   |  4 PagesPrejudice and Racism in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn      Ã‚   The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain, is an excellent example of racism in literature, because it uses language describing African Americans which goes beyond satire.   It treats them as objects and perpetuates stereotypes. It does not expose and deal with racism, as many advocates of its reading claim, but encourages an attitude of superiority that is unnecessary and intolerable. In order to ridRead MoreLiterary Analysis of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essay1100 Words   |  5 PagesLiterary Analysis of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn In Huckleberry Finn there are several themes. There are themes of racism and slavery, civilized society, survival, water imagery, and the one I will be discussing, superstition ( SparkNotes Editors). Superstition is a belief or practice resulting from ignorance, fear of the unknown, trust in magic or chance, or a false conception of causation (â€Å"Merriam-Webster†). Superstition was a very popular theme in Huckleberry Finn that you sawRead MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain1648 Words   |  7 Pagesfeel that you, too, can become great.† (Mark Twain ). Mark Twain rejected romanticism by saturating it with his superstition. By rejecting romanticism, Twain was establishing himself as a writer of the realism movement. Mark Twain was a skeptic about religion, and had especially harsh criticism of extreme evangelical Christians. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is one of the most prominent representations of Mark Twain s Realism. Adventure s of Huckleberry Finn is about a neglected 13-year old, whoseRead MoreHuck Finn: Racist or Not Racist?760 Words   |  4 PagesMark Twain went against endless amounts of criticism about his racist’s comments in his novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The character of Jim is demeaning to African-Americans as he is portrayed as a foolish, uneducated, black slave. The â€Å"n† word is also used in the book describing him and many other African-American characters in the story. However, some see this book as anti-racist and believe that the use of racist’s comments is not racist at all. Those who think that are mistakenRead MoreA Brief Note On Book The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn 1310 Words   |  6 PagesSarah Jane Reshetiloff Mr. O’Hearn Honors British Literature 26 September 2015 Social Satire in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain’s novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a masterful social satire that demonstrates the awakening of a young, adventurous boy living in a culture of slavery. He uses humor and an unreliable narrator to convey social satire in the novel to reflect the flaws of society toward in the antebellum south. The novel was published in 1884, just after slaveryRead MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Is, Indeed, A Magnificent1154 Words   |  5 PagesThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is, indeed, a magnificent piece of work. Having said that, Mark Twain wrote this book with qualities that, without a doubt, classify it as a regional text. Twain illustrates specific features of the South such as geography, culture, dialect and characters, which, in turn, aid in adding flare to this notable style of writing. Twain captures the South remarkably through his depiction of the geography in a specific region, which in this case is the Mississippi RiverRead MoreMark TwainS The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Is More1915 Words   |  8 PagesMark Twain s the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is more than just a condemnation of pre-civil war society and its justification of slavery. Twain also uses the novel to challenge the validity of superstition. The main characters, Huckleberry and Jim, are mere marionettes for Twain to express his censure through; he mocks them with their own fears and distortion of superstition. Twain’s representation of superstition throughout the book is indicative of his own thoughts towards the subject. The

Organizational Competency for Management -

Question: Discuss about theOrganizational Competency for Finance and Management. Answer: The term organizational competency means the capability to job properly in an organization. It defines a set of behaviour that provides a structured guide that enables the identification, evaluation and development of the individual behaviour in each employees. In an organization when it creates a competitive advantages in the market place with its typical skills and activities it is termed as organizational competency(Tripathi Agrawal, 2014). The IKEA Company tries to improve the everyday life of the organization where the human resource manager clarifies the mission statement of improving the lifestyle in the organization. The company is targeting to create better life by lowering the price of the goods to attract more customers for their product. The human resource manager designs the strategy of the company for short term and long term objectives and design effective strategies to maintain it(Grlin Kostet, 2016). The role of the HR is very important here as he will determine the future of the company. The HRs design and steps will help the company to maintain its position in the market. The HR manager and the team is responsible for this and thus they should analyse the real result and evaluate them with the general strategies. The competency that the company is using has helped the company to reach a new height in the market. Hence, the HR should maintain the same standard of the company by implementing new and innov ative idea to carry on the company name in future days. Reference: Grlin, K., Kostet, M. (2016). Change Through Transformation: An exploratory case study on leadership in contrasting organisational contexts of IKEA Sweden. Tripathi, K., Agrawal, M. (2014). Competency based management in organizational.Global Journal of Finance and Management,6(4), 349-356.

Culture and plagiarism free essay sample

The concept of ownership has become important in academic writing, as university faculty members encourage students to study in collaboration with other students and take advantage of a vast range of electronic resources. I believe that such an ease of finding relevant academic writing has both its positives and negatives. A student who would require long hours in a library to find credible references for a research paper can now search and access the same on online library systems, but it has become equally as challenging for faculty members to keep a check on plagiarism, and universities invest a to of resources to such checks i. . Turning. Com, wretched. Com (C. P. Havilland J. A. Mullioned. , 2009). Different cultures perceive plagiarism in different light; the western construct Of plagiarism believes that plagiarism undermines academic integrity and standards. Plagiarism also negates the value of intellectual property rights. But even in the western world there are communities that see no problem in copying text from other sources. We will write a custom essay sample on Culture and plagiarism or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page There is a lack of understanding that plagiarism is a concept created by society and not a universal concept, for example the Amiss community in the United States, often teach students in schools to copy text from other sources and see no ethical issue with the same (Veering Norman, 2012). According to McKay (2004), most of the international students are non-native speakers of English, usually as a second or third language and therefore do have communicating or rephrasing in English.Additionally, previous educational background with lack of understanding of western concept of plagiarism, are some of the primary cultural and ability-based factors behind he reasons some international students plagiarism (Lime and See, 2011). According to Maxwell et al. (2008), the perspective of plagiarism in education is changing over the past decades, especially in the case of English as a Second Language (SSL) students.Many educators now understand the complexity of the concept and its cultural dependencies, which has bought up a change in the view of plagiarism. There has been a withdrawal from the memorized view of plagiarism, to an inquiring attitude with a desire to understand the cultural differences and other factors that affect such behavior. Believe that the definition of the location where the material was popularized should be used as that is the only way it could work. As each region could have a different understanding of plagiarism. Culture and plagiarism free essay sample There is a lack of understanding that plagiarism is a concept created by society and not a universal concept, for example the Amiss community in the United States, often teach students in schools to copy text from other sources and see no ethical issue with the same (Veering Norman, 2012). According to McKay (2004), most of the international students are non-native speakers of English, usually as a second or third language and therefore do have communicating or rephrasing in English. Additionally, previous educational background with lack of understanding of western concept of plagiarism, are some of the primary cultural and ability-based factors behind he reasons some international students plagiarism (Limit and See, 2011). According to Maxwell et al. (2008), the perspective of plagiarism in education is changing over the past decades, especially in the case of English as a Second Language (SSL) students. Many educators now understand the complexity of the concept and its cultural dependencies, which has bought up a change in the view of plagiarism. We will write a custom essay sample on Culture and plagiarism or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page There has been a withdrawal from the normalized view of plagiarism, to an inquiring attitude with a desire to understand the cultural differences and other factors that affect such behavior. Believe that the definition of the location where the material was popularized should be used as that is the only way it could work. As each region could have a different understanding of plagiarism. The most effective way to deal with such issues would be to develop a holistic understanding Of plagiarism, i. . An understanding that encompasses the western concept with the cultural concept of other countries, communities and ethnic groups. Which would bring more clarity to the understanding of plagiarism at universal level.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

The Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions free essay sample

On November 2, 1870 a powerful democratic brotherhood of creative persons independent of the Academy of Arts came into being. It was called the Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions formed on the enterprise of Myasoedov, Perov, Kramskoi and Gay. Its first exhibition was held on the 29 of November 1871 in St.Petersburg and came to Moscow on the 18 of April 1872. It was a enormous success. Such celebrated presents pictures as Rooks Have Come by Savrasov, Peter the Great Interrogating His Son by Gay, Hunters at Rest by Perov were on show. They turned out to be chef-doeuvres. The Society of Traveling Art Exhibitions existed till 1923. the well-known author Saltikov-Shchedrin wrote a book about the members of the society. It was a alone organisation, it brought together a great figure of first-class Masterss who subsequently made up the majority of the Russian school of art. The exhibitions were held in such metropoliss of Russia as Riga, Kiev, Kharkov, and Odessa. We will write a custom essay sample on The Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page They were connected by the railroad. From 1871 boulder clay 1923 there were 48 going exhibitions all in all. The active members of the Society were Pry-anishnikov, Savitsky, Repin, Surikov, Shishkin, Makovsky, Savrasov, Kuinji, Polenov, Yaroshenko, Serov, Victor Vasnetsov, Levitan and some others. Their influence on Russian Society was great. It was a turning point in Russian civilization. It was an art of critical pragmatism exposing the contradictions of the society. Repin is an high representative of realistic art. He was attracted to the truth of life. He believed in the bright hereafter of the people. Shishkin s importance in the history of painting prevarications in the fact that along with Savrasov he was the first to contend for the creative activity of a national Russian landscape. Levitan continued and developed the traditions of his predecessors: Venet-sianov, Vasiljev, Polenov, Shishkin, Savrasov. The celebrated Surikov ranks among the greatest of Russian historical painters. Surikov s illustriousness lies in the fact that he is the painter of the people. The genre images are encyclopaedia of life.

Friday, April 17, 2020

Using Sample Cover Letters For Scholarship Essay

Using Sample Cover Letters For Scholarship EssayMany times, the samples for a cover letter for scholarship essay are enough to guarantee a particular person a good scholarship. Although there are other ways you can do the job too. The only problem is you need to put in a lot of effort to come up with a great idea that will catch the attention of a scholarship office.You can be sure that they will be looking at the essay carefully. They have a lot of responsibilities and they want to ensure that your essay has merit. Hence, what you need to do is to write an excellent cover letter for scholarship essay.You should always be ready with your ideas in the paper. You have to present yourself as someone who has an excellent command of grammar. You should also be able to organize your thoughts well and come up with something interesting.A scholarship writer will take into consideration whether you have been at the same college for a long time or not. They also want to know how many essays yo u have written in your life. It should be a testimony to your capabilities and this is one way to improve your chances of getting a scholarship.In certain situations, it is not always possible to sample the sample cover letter for scholarship essay on hand. You can always send the samples to your friends or to your supervisors. A lot of them may know where to get some samples that they can use in their own essays.You can use a service like an article submission service. This will make your job a lot easier. You can have an excellent sample for the cover letter for scholarship essay to use as a basis for your essay.Give complete attention to what you writein the sample. It must be brief and it must be focused. You must also make it specific. It is just like the sample cover letter for scholarship essay that you can find on the internet.Use the information from the sample to improve your essay. It can help you save time and it can also help you obtain better results. You can also use the sample cover letter for scholarship essay to improve your chances of getting a scholarship in the future.

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

3 Types of Erroneous Use of Dashes

3 Types of Erroneous Use of Dashes 3 Types of Erroneous Use of Dashes 3 Types of Erroneous Use of Dashes By Mark Nichol Dashes, like semicolons, are basically commas with superpowers. However, while semicolons take the place of commas to set off independent clauses or separate a series of list items in which at least one item itself consists of a list, a single dash denotes an abrupt break in syntax, and a pair of dashes signal a parenthetical phrase that is more emphatic than one bracketed by commas (or parentheses). In the following examples, though, dashes are misused. Discussion after each sentence describes the problem, and a revision illustrates a solution. 1. Everybody thinks their job title should be capitalized- and why not- it’s about them. In this sentence, the writer has conflated the two functions of a dash. What follows capitalized is an emphatically delivered opinion about the previous assertion, and the first dash is correct, but then the writer seeks to repeat the effect by setting off â€Å"it’s about them.† However, the result is that â€Å"and why not† mistakenly appears to be a parenthetical phrase. For this reason, single dashes cannot be used consecutively, even at a greater remove, so the second emphatic phrase must be distinguished in another way: â€Å"Everybody thinks their job title should be capitalized- and why not? It’s about them.† 2. Changing channels on the radio while driving- even adjusting your vehicle’s climate controls are distracting activities. Here, the opposite error is committed. The writer apparently intended to sequester a parenthetical phrase from the main clause but neglected to provide a complementary second dash: â€Å"Changing channels on the radio while driving- and even adjusting your vehicle’s climate controls- are distracting activities.† 3. Combined with a focus on disruptive innovations like artificial intelligence, telehealth, and virtual care- an abundance of new data is becoming available to healthcare providers. Here, the flaw is that the dash is inserted in place of a comma to suggest a syntactical swerve, but the syntax itself does not take off in a new direction, and a quotidian comma is appropriate: â€Å"Combined with a focus on disruptive innovations like artificial intelligence, telehealth, and virtual care, an abundance of new data is becoming available to healthcare providers.† Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Punctuation category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Cost-Effective vs. Cost-EfficientWhen to Form a Plural with an ApostropheHow often is "bimonthly"?

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Anne Sexton’s Twisted Version of Sleeping Beauty

Anne Sexton’s Twisted Version of Sleeping Beauty Sleeping Beauty’s Sexual Scars in Anne Sexton’s â€Å"Briar Rose† Parents often use fairytales as bedtime stories for their children. Anne Sexton takes these often light-hearted and whimsical tales and spins them into a creation of her own. According to Diana Hume George in â€Å"An Overview of Sexton’s Canon,† Sexton, â€Å"updated their contexts and language to point out their applications to and parallels with modern life, and she exposed the dark psychic core of each tale in ways that inverted or even reversed their normative meanings.† The poem â€Å"Briar Rose (Sleeping Beauty),† begins with a girl in a hypnotic state, sitting on her father’s lap. The stanza is ominous and uncomfortable to read, setting the tone for the rest of the poem. In the following stanzas, the traditional fairytale plays out but as it continues, Briar Rose’s happy ending is nowhere to be seen. Sexton focuses on pivotal events in the story and twists them in a way that recreates the original fairytale and exposes its darker unde rtones that are otherwise overlooked in the original story. Sexton begins the first stanza in third person and describes a girl in a hypnotic trance in order to establish the unsettling tone for the rest of the poem. The speaker states that, â€Å"She is stuck in the time machine, / suddenly two years old sucking her thumb† (l. 7-8). The girl regresses to a younger age, making her more childlike and vulnerable. The speaker goes on to state that the girl struggles to find her mother but instead, her father is the one to hold her. Whilst on his lap, he tells her, â€Å"Come be my snooky / and I will give you a root† (l. 21-22). Snooky is slang for ones romantic partner and a root is phallic in shape. For the father to tell his daughter this immediately signals the incestual undertones that will be present later on. Over the course of the poem, Briar Rose’s life is marked by unfortunate events. The first one occurs when she is only a baby. Her father held a christening for her but he only owned twelve gold plates and therefore only invited twelve fairies. The thirteenth fairy, feeling spurned, prophesizes that â€Å"The princess shall prick herself on a spinning wheel in her fifteenth year and then fall down dead. Kaputt!† (l. 37-40). The use of a silly phrase such as â€Å"Kaputt!† contrasts greatly to the grave tone of the situation. It highlights the intended lethalness of the curse, which is otherwise glossed over in the watered-down, bedtime version of the fairytale. In response to the curse, the king becomes overbearing in his need to protect his daughter. He orders every spindle in the kingdom to be destroyed. This makes sense in regards to the prophecy but the king’s orders eventually become more extreme. The speaker states that, â€Å"He forced every male in the court / to scour his tongue with Bab-o / lest they poison the air she dwelt in† (l. 60-62) By having the men clean themselves with a modern-day product containing bleach, it is as if the king wants the men to purify themselves so that they will not corrupt his daughter. The curse said nothing of specifically men doing harm to Briar Rose though, so the king’s need to protect her becomes obsession-like. The king’s obsession over his own daughter’s purity is the beginning of the incestual undertones that subverts the original tale’s message of sefless love. Try as he might, the king’s precautions to keep Briar Rose safe from both men and the curse are thwarted, resulting in the second pivotal moment within the story. Inevitably, Briar rose pricks her finger on a spinning wheel, sending both her and the inhabitants of the kingdom into a deep slumber. The speaker describes the sleeping inhabitants in terms of modern-day parallels, such as comparing the frogs to zombies and the trees to metal. By doing so, the slumbering kingdom’s fate becomes more sinister, as if the inhabitants are petrified instead of simply sleeping. Over the years, many princes try to break the curse but they, â€Å"had not scoured their tongues / so they were held by the thorns / and thus were crucified† (l. 86-88). The princes dying show the king’s control over Briar Rose, even while she sleeps. Ultimately, they cannot rescue her because they had not scoured their tongues as the men of the court had done and thus were deemed unfit in the father’s eyes. A hundred years pass and a prince finally breaks the curse, although everything is not what it seems. In the third pivotal event, when the prince kisses Briar Rose awake, she cries, â€Å"Daddy! Daddy!† (l. 96). After being awakened after such a frightful occurrence, it would only make sense for a girl to cry out for her father, but Briar Rose was specifically awakened by a kiss. This implicates that the father has kissed Briar Rose as well, giving the reader a glimpse of the sexual abuse she suffered as a child. At this point, the original fairytale ends with Briar Rose living happily ever after with her prince. In Sexton’s version of the story, Briar Rose awakening marks the beginning of her downward spiral. Although Briar Rose marries the prince, she becomes an insomniac, still haunted by the memories of her father’s sexual abuse. She becomes dependent on drugs and cannot sleep, â€Å"without the court chemist / mixing her some knock-out drops / and never in the prince’s presence† (l. 106-108). Briar Rose becomes more and more disturbed by the memories her father’s sexual abuse but refuses to let her spouse know. Briar Rose’s sexual abuse at the hands of her father results in the overall deterioration of both her mental and physical health. Briar Rose’s health steadily worsens until she descends into a state of delirium. The speaker switches from that of third person to first and says, â€Å"I must not sleep / for while asleep I’m ninety / and think I’m dying† (l. 120-122). Briar Rose goes back and forth between different points of her life, from when she was a small child at the hands of her father to when she was in the hundred-year slumber. Because of this, Briar Rose becomes even more dependent on drugs, similarly to how real-life victims of sexual abuse can fall victim to drug usage in order to cope with their past. In the following stanza, it becomes evident that the girl in the beginning of the poem is the modern-day parallel to Sexton’s recreated version of Sleeping Beauty. In the first stanza, the little girl is just â€Å"learning to talk again† (l. 10). She lost her will to talk after being sexually abused but slowly starts to come forth with what happened, just as Briar Rose begins to do. The speaker says, â€Å"I was forced backward. / I was forced forward† (l. 145-146). The movements mimic the sexual positions that her father forced her into when she was younger. Although older and now married, Briar Rose still feels like a prisoner to her father. This directly subverts the wholesome image of the king in the original tale. In Anne Sexton’s version of Sleeping Beauty’s, the king is the true villain of the story because of what he did to his daughter. By raping her as a child, he ensures a lifetime of unhappiness to follow. In the traditional fairytale, a prince eventually thwarts the thirteenth fairy’s curse and awakens the princess with true love’s kiss. It embodies a wholesome message of good conquering evil. Sexton twisted the fairytale and utilized specific themes within it – such as a father’s love – in order to give voice to victims of incest and sexual abuse. In reality, many victims do not lead a happy life because of the memories of abuse that stay with them, long after it ends. By doing the same to Briar Rose, Sexton shows that not everyone can live a happily ever after.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Tourism and France Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Tourism and France - Research Paper Example The international tourists provide importance to rich natural vegetation, cultural and historical heritage of a tourist destination. Within this context, France is one of the best examples for the rapid growth and development of tourism as a profitable business. Thesis statement: The economic, cultural and social impacts of tourism in the French society prove that tourism is a business, which is interconnected with the process of development. The glory of France as an international tourist destination is interconnected with Charles VIII, because he conquered Mont Aiguille in France (say, in the year 1492). This incident is important in the history of tourism in France because the same deeply influenced the development of mountaineering as an adventure sport. Hudman and Jackson stated that, â€Å"France has a long history of tourism and well-established reputation of being the playground of Europe† (p.200). In the field of beach tourism in France, the inauguration of seaside resort in Dieppe in the year 1822 is another development. Within the context of infrastructure development, especially the development of railroad network in 1850-1850 is another initiative, which accelerated tourism. One can see that resorts and casinos play an important role in the development of tourism. For instance, the launching of Monte-Carlo Resort and the casino attached to the same is another development in the field of tourism in Fra nce. Most of the international tourists are interested in music and entertainment. In the year 1867, the French authorities in Orange, which deeply influenced the tourism sector, organized a music festival. The opening of the first tourist office in the year 1889 and the opening of the National Tourist Office in the year 1910 are other historical developments. Besides, the establishment of the Vanoise National Park (say, in 1963) in France initiated the development of sustainable tourism. The creation of French Conservatory for Coastal

Saturday, February 1, 2020

Demon Lover Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Demon Lover - Essay Example The aura of this story is psychological because the mysterious letter is a physical element with mental and emotional implications. We all have demons; the skeletons in Mrs. Drover’s closet in this story happen to be real. The man Mrs. Drover was intended to marry, before he was sent to war told her he did not know how long he would be gone, but she had nothing to do to await his return. Months after his departure he is reported missing, presumably killed. For years she goes unnoticed and un-admired by men. When her mother and sister fear she is past all hope, at 32 she secures the affections of William Drover. They marry and have three children. Her fiancà © is the incarnate ghost of her past which has been haunting her since she attempted to her live her life after his disappearance. She struggles with the fact that she doesn’t know why she agreed to marry a man who was not kind to her. She still sees it as a suspension she was in and was not able to get out of. Something that still haunts her and makes her think of him, whether as a threat or as a person she left or could not wait for. She may feel guilt but it may be at her own actions. Guilt of feeling emotion for a man who did not treat her the way she wanted to be treated. When Mrs. Drover is described in her house, a house boarded-up and damaged by war, it’s painting for the reader an image of her life as affected by her long-lost fiancà ©; like her house, she’s damaged though emotionally, and boarded up and abandoned. She also described as living in the country-side, away from the house and with her new family. If one were to see the story this way, we could also see her in the house presently to clean out the remnants of her feelings for her fiance, or to begin the final battle to get him out of her mind. This is supported by the description of the weather as we’re introduced to the deserted house: overcast, as if preparing to storm and later, we hear rain. This description has nothing to do on her doubts of her fiance’s disappearance; it just helps describe her journey in a clear way, though on her, a physical sign of her war is seen through a nervous twitch of her mouth. We should realize the fact that psychological st ories such as this one are made for the reader, so we need to pay attention to the fact that Elizabeth Bowen is trying to direct our minds down certain path, especially when introducing us to the house. She is trying to set a mood that is bleak, sinister and warning of something darker being imminent. The neighborhood being described as war-torn makes the area seem tormented, â€Å"Against the next batch of clouds, already piling up ink-dark, broken chimneys and parapets stood out† (Bowen, 1). This mood is also set by the weather in the beginning of the story where Bowen is trying to build an atmosphere of tension. This story is psychological because Mrs. Drover’s evils are either a figment of her imagination, or they’re products of her ex-fiance’s threats, which are both physical and emotional. The letter she finds in her house is the first example of a physical threat, whether it is from him or not, she perceives the letter to be a threat in the way tha t the writer makes this whole story affect the reader: through controlled vagueness which causes the imagination of the recipient run wild and cause damage. The other physical reminder of her lover is the scar on her hand from

Friday, January 24, 2020

Witch Craft :: essays research papers

Around the seventeenth century, the belief in witches and witch craft was almost everywhere. The Church of Rome, more than three hundred years ago, allowed punishments for the use of witch craft and after that thousands of suspected people were burned alive, drowned or hanged. In the sixteenth century, more than one hundred thousand accused and convicted people burned in the flames, in Germany. In England, enlightened men adopted the belief. The famous Sir Matthew Hale, who flourished during the civil war, the commonwealth and the period of the restoration of monarchy, repeatedly sentenced persons to death accused of witch craft. The Puritans brought the belief with them to America. They established laws for the punishment of witches, and before 1648, four people had suffered death for the supposed offence, in the neighborhood of Boston. The ministers of the gospel there were shadowed by the delusion, and because of their powerful social influence, they did more to foster the wild e xcitement and produce the distressing results of what is known in history as "Salem witch craft," than all others. In 1688, a wayward daughter of John Goodwin of Boston, about thirteen years of age, accused a servant girl of stealing some of the family linen. The servant's mother, a "wild Irish woman" and a Roman Catholic, impassioned disapproval the accuser as a false witness. The young girl, in revenge, pretended to be bewitched by the Irish woman. Some others of her family followed her example. They would alternately become deaf, dumb and blind, bark like dogs and purr like cats, but none of them lost their appetites or sleep. The Rev. Cotton Mather, a simple and conceited minister rushed to Goodwin's house to ease the witchery by prayer. Wonderful were the supposed effects of his desire. The devil was controlled by them for the time. Then four other ministers of Boston and one of Salem, as superstitious as himself, joined Mather they spent a whole day in the house of the "afflicted" in fasting and prayer, the result of which was the delivery of one of the family from the power of the witch. This was enough proof for the minds of the ministers that there must be a witch in the case, and these ignorant minister prosecuted the ignorant Irish woman as such. She was confused before the court, and spoke sometimes in her native Irish language, which nobody could understand, and which her accusers and judges explain into involuntary confession.

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Smile and Smiling Specific Purpose

Preparation Outline: Informative Speech on Smiling Specific Purpose: to inform my speech class about the many things Your Smile can do. Thesis: After listening to my speech, my audience should be informed about how â€Å"Your Smile† can do many things; have an effect on you and others around you, and how it has an effect on your brain. Introduction I. Smiling is something most people enjoy. I’m a happy and very positive person, so I smile a lot. It turns out that when I smile, the world smiles back. In my research about smiling I referred to sources such as cbsnews. com, science. owstuffworks. com, bizzikid. co. uk II. Smiling can affect the way you feel. It feels good to smile and be smiled at. People like to be surrounded by others who are positive and make them feel good. III. A smile is a great way to start any conversation, and makes others more receptive to you. It adds to what you have to offer. Transition: Let’s start with how a smile can affect you and o thers around you. Body I. A smile can affect you and others around you. A. It lifts our mood as well as the moods of those around us. B. It can make us appear more attractive to others. C.It can be contagious. D. Make you look younger E. Help you build rapport F. Helps reassure the other person of your sincerity. Transition: Now that we have talked about how your smile can affect you and others around you, let’s move on to how your smile affects your brain. II. How Your Smile Affects Your Brain A. Each time you smile at a person, their brain coaxes them to return the favor. B. Facial changes involved in smiling have direct effects on certain brain activities associated with happiness. Smiling triggers your feel good chemicals in your brain.C. Just the simple act of smiling releases endorphins from the brain into the blood. In conclusion, today we have discussed how your smile can affect you and others around you. We also talked about how a smile affects your brain. Conclusion I. Smiling is a way to promote happiness within yourself and others. Smiling is a very important part of connecting and getting to know someone. II. Choosing to smile can make a difference in everything you do that day. A smile can brighten your mood, improve your outlook, and lead you to make positive choices.So when you smile not only will you make yourself feel better, you will also attract positive energy into your life. References Makes you look younger. Freeman, D. W. (2011, November 10). Smiling makes people look younger, study shows. . Retrieved from http://www. cbsnews. com/8301-504763_162-57322365-10391704/smiling-makes-people-look-younger-study-shows/ How your smile affects your brain. science. howstuffworks. com Layton, J. (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://science. howstuffworks. com/life/smilinghappy1. htm Feel good chemicals. Bizzikid . (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://www. bizzikid. co. uk/healthwellbeingsmiling. html

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Hamlet, By William Shakespeare - 1907 Words

â€Å"Frailty, thy name is woman!† (1.2. 150). This controversial line, followed by several more from the play Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, displays a widespread view towards women that portrays them as being weak and contingent towards men. Throughout the play, two women, Ophelia and Gertrude, are shown to be dependent on the men in their lives. They both take on a foolish obedient state of mind. Even though they share this common characteristic, Ophelia and Gertrude are very different characters. Ophelia is a beautiful, young woman who is the love interest of the protagonist, Hamlet. Ophelia obeys her father, Polonius, without hesitation and has little experience with making her own decisions. Gertrude was the wife of Old Hamlet, and is†¦show more content†¦Early literature was â€Å"mostly men who composed these works and male critics who vouched for their greatness† (Gardiner 395). Early works of literature typically portrayed the society that was around them. In general, women did not have freedom to do as they chose. They were to listen to the men and do as they were told. The typical culture in a patriarchal society viewed women as objects and not as independent individuals. In Hamlet, Ophelia and Gertrude were merely accessories to the men and served in aiding to the plot. Ophelia grew up relying on the men in her life to tell her what to do. She followed the direction from her father and brother even if it meant hurting her beloved Hamlet. Act 1 was the first time Ophelia’s obedience was displayed. Her brother Laertes, and her father Polonius told her to stay away from Hamlet. With very few words of persuasion she replied with, â€Å"I shall obey, my lord† (1.3. 145). Ophelia demonstrated no capability of expressing her desires or the motivation to survive on her own. It was not her fault that she behaved in this way because women in her society were not supposed to rely on themselves. â€Å"Ophelia is not only misunderstood by the men in her life, but grossly underestimated by them† (Rooks 477). Ophelia had the potential to think on her own and choose